Mosquito and Tick Information
Spring and Summer months bring hot weather, however, along with this we see the increase of mosquitos and ticks which are known to spread various diseases such as EEE, Lyme Disease, and West Nile Virus (WNV). Below is some information on how to better protect yourself from contracting these diseases and staying safe while being outside. The link provided below will provide a variety of information regarding mosquitos and ticks, including videos, repellent information, animal protection, and much more.
What are the Best Ways to Prevent Mosquito Bites?
- Use repellent any time you go outside
- Be aware of the mosquitos around you - if being bitten apply more repellent or think about moving inside
- Be aware of peak mosquito hours - most typically dusk to dawn are the peak feeding times
- Use mosquito netting on baby carriages or playpens if outside
- When the weather permits, wear long-sleeves, pants, and socks when outdoors
- Remove any standing water from around your home such as ditches, gutters, old tires, buckets, wheelbarrows, and small pools - mosquitos will breed in stagnant water sitting for about four days
- Repair and properly secure window screens
What Kind of Repellent Should I use?
- Different repellents work against different bugs. Always look at the active ingredient on the product label. Repellents that contain DEET, permethrin, picaridin, or IR3535 provide protection against mosquitos. Along with these repelling ingredients, oil of lemon eucalyptus has been found to have the same protection as low concentrations of DEET - Oil of lemon eucalyptus should not be used on children under the age of three.
- DEET products should never be used on infants under two months of age. Children over two months should use products with concentrations of DEET 30% or less. In general however, the higher percentage of DEET, the longer it lasts.
- Permethrin products are intended to be used on clothing, nets, shoes, and camping gear, but should not be applied to the skin
- Remember to always follow the instructions on the product label
For more information about mosquito protection please follow the link provided below
How Can I Protect my Family, Pets, and Myself from Tick Bites?
- Always check yourself , family, and pets for ticks after coming in from outside - ticks will usually migrate to your hairline on your neck, armpits, backs of your knees, groin, toes, and behind the ear.
- Use repellents that contain DEET
- When hiking or walking in the woods, stick to the center of trains
- Wear light colored long-sleeved shirts and pants when weather permits
- Talk to your local veterinarian for the best ways to protect your pets and livestock from ticks.
How can I Reduce the Number of Ticks Around My Home?
- Keep grass cut short and remove any lawn debris that may be around
- Keep plants around stone walls cut short
- Keep birdfeeders off the ground and away from your home
- Ask a local plant nursery about plants that don't attract deer - if you have a large yard look into putting up deer fencing
- Prune bushes around your yard
- Hire a licensed pesticide applicator experienced with tick control
For more information regarding tick diseases and tick prevention and protection, please follow the link below.